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    The New National Pension Scheme

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    The New National Pension Scheme

    Post by Admin on Sat May 02, 2009 3:44 pm

    The PFRDA has opened the National Pension Scheme (NPS) to the Citizens of India. The following are the basic details in common-man’s terms.

    1. Methodology and Authorities Involved

    The concept basically is a combination of a Mutual Fund (Systematic Investment Plan) and Annuity purchase from Insurance Company, with a Central Recordkeeping Authority facilitating the choice to the Investor to shift from one Fund Manager to another and between Investment Portfolios while continuing with the same corpus during the Mutual Fund phase.
    The Mutual Fund phase would come to an end at the attaining of 60 years of age of the Investor (or earlier if so desired) when the Investor would have to compulsorily withdraw at least 40% (80% in case of earlier exit) of the Mutual Fund Corpus and purchase a lifetime Annuity from any of the approved Life Insurance Companies. The balance amount of the corpus can be withdrawn from the Mutual Fund immediately or in a phased manner before the Investor attains the age of 70.

    The authorities involved are
    Mutual Fund Stage:

    Central Record Keeping Agency: For maintaining the database and corpus details of Individuals and would also allot the Permanent Retirement Account No. (PRAN) and Telephone PIN (T-PIN) to the investor. Presently, NSDL is chosen as the CRA.

    Custodians: The Authority who would be actually maintaining the Assets.

    Pension Fund Managers(PFM): The people who would actually manage the Funds and take the investment decisions. Presently there are six Mutual Fund Co.s chosen for this purpose (each a special subsidiary of the main Co. created exclusively for managing the Pension Funds), ICICI Prudential, IDFC, Kotak Mahindra, Reliance Capital, SBI Capital and UTI AMC. The Investor has the option (once a year) to make the switch from one Fund Manager to another.

    Point Of Presence(POP): The link through which the Investor would open the Account and deposit funds. The following are presently chosen as POP Service Providers; Allahabad Bank, Axis Bank, Central Bank of India, Citibank, Computer Age Management Services, ICICI Bank, IDBI Bank, IL&FS Securities Services, Kotak Mahindra Bank, LIC, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Reliance Capital, SBI & its 6 associates, South Indian Bank, Union Bank of India, UTI AMC.

    Trustee Bank: The back end Bank facilitating transfer of funds from POP to PFM.

    Annuity Stage
    Annuity Service Provider(ASP): The Life Insurance Company who would provide the monthly annuity based pension. The Investor is required to compulsorily hand over 40% of the Mutual Fund corpus as available at the age of 60 years. He can also purchase annuity upto 100% of the Mutual Fund corpus.

    2. Eligible persons
    Indian Citizen (resident or non-resident) within the age group of 18 to 55, subject to compliance of RBI KYC norms. One person can have only one account.

    3. Fund Deposit Option
    An investor needs to make a minimum of 1 deposit in a year with a minimum of Rs.500 per deposit subject to a minimum deposit of Rs.6000 per year. There is no maximum limit to either the amount of deposit or the number of deposits. Payment can be made by Cash, Local Cheque or Demand Draft.

    4. Fees and Charges
    A/c Opening - Rs.50 + 12% tax (approx Rs.56)
    Annual charges Rs.225 + 12% tax (approx Rs.252) plus 0.0509% of corpus value Plus 12% service tax.
    Transaction Charges for deposit:
    Rs.5 + [0.25% of amount or Rs.20 whichever is higher] + 12% tax [i.e. Rs.28 upto Rs.8000/txn and 0.28% for additional amount in excess of Rs.8000]

    Transaction charge for any change requests, withdrawal request, printed statement request and any other transaction subsequently notified. - Rs.28/txn.

    Default Penalty:
    In case the Investor fails to meet any of the minimum deposit criteria, a default penalty of Rs.100 p.a. + 12% tax would be levied.

    5. Fund Investment Options
    The Investor is allowed 2 choices is respect of the type of investments to be made with his deposits.

    Active Choice
    The Investor is provided with three Classes of Investment . E- Equity (High Risk/Return), C- Commercial papers of mainly fixed return nature other than Govt. Securities (medium risk/return) G- Govt. Securities (low risk/return).
    The investor has to option to specify any percentage combination among the three (incl. 100% in C or G) subject to a maximum of 50% for E and also indicate the choice of the PFM for this purpose. The investor has the option to annually revise the ratio and/or PFM as per his own evaluation.

    Auto-Choice
    In case the investor does not want to exercise the Active Choice option, a predetermined ratio would be allocated to his portfolio based on his age starting with 50% E, 30% C and 20% G for persons less than 35 years which would be gradually revised every year to 10% E, 10% C and 80% G by the time he attains 55 years of age. However, he need to indicate the choice of the PFM for this purpose. The investor has the option to annually revise the PFM as per his own evaluation.

    6. Risk Profile of Investments
    The Scheme does not provide any guaranteed returns. It is based on Mutual Fund concept. The benefits would depend on the performance of the individual fund managers and could differ even between the fund managers.

    So far, the fund has been indicating returns of 10% to 12% depending on the investment options exercised by individuals.

    7. Portability
    The Investor can continue with the same NPS-PRAN from any city/town in India by changing his choice of POP-SP.

    8. Tax Treatment
    Contributions made out of own funds are eligible for claiming deduction under Sec. 80C. Annual accruals are also exempt as long as they remain in the account. However, withdrawals are subject to Income Tax. (EET system of Tax)

    9. Online Deposit options
    Presently only ICICI Direct Demat Account linked with ICICI Bank Account (acting as the POP-SP) gives the option of online transfer of funds to NPS.

    10. Conclusions
    3 & 4 read together implies that if an investor is investing only the minimum amount of Rs.6000 (in instalments of Rs.500 each month) approximately Rs.588 (about 9.8%) would be deducted for charges and the balance amount would be invested. However, if he makes single deposit of Rs.6000, Rs.280 (about 4.67%) would be deducted. In addition, 0.056% of earlier years’ investments would also be deducted, however, the returns generated would be utilised for this purpose.
    For higher amount of annual deposits, the percentage would significantly come down due the partly fixed nature of annual charges. Like, if investment is made for Rs.60000 in one transaction, the total charges would be Rs.426 (about 0.71%). If deposit is made Rs.15000 per quarter, the total charges would be Rs.442 (about 0.73%). If a person makes monthly deposit of Rs.5000, the total charges would be Rs.588 (about 0.98%). The charge further reduce if a person makes monthly deposit of Rs.8000, when the total charges would be Rs.588 (about 0.61%).
    Since there is a graded per transaction charge, it would be advisable to make minimum number of deposits, subject to affordability.

    For a small investor who invests only the minimum amount, this may work out to be costlier than a normal mutual fund. However, for anyone who is willing to go for a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) of Rs.5000 to Rs.8000, this is a very good option. It offers a good option to easily switch from one fund manager to another and also from one security mix to another.

    A rough estimate would be that if a person invests Rs.5000 per month for 20 years and opts the zero risk option of 100% in Govt Securities (at assumed average return of 7%), at the end of the 20th year his corpus would be Rs. 27 lakhs approx which would get him a pension of Rs.16000 to Rs.30000 per month.


    For further details please visit
    www.npscra.nsdl.co.in
    www.pfrda.org.in


    Last edited by Admin on Sun Dec 16, 2012 10:16 pm; edited 5 times in total

    Admin
    Admin

    Posts : 179

    Re: The New National Pension Scheme

    Post by Admin on Wed Jun 10, 2009 6:04 pm


    Admin
    Admin

    Posts : 179

    Re: The New National Pension Scheme

    Post by Admin on Mon Jun 18, 2012 12:52 am

    The charges have been further reduced as follows,

    A/c Opening - Rs.50 + 12% tax (approx Rs.56)
    CRA Annual charges Rs.225 + 12% tax (approx Rs.252)
    Transaction Charges Rs.5 + [0.25% of amount or Rs.20 whichever is higher] + 12% tax i.e. Rs.28 upto Rs.8000/txn and then 0.28% for additional amount
    Minimum transaction per year - 1

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    Re: The New National Pension Scheme

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